Chinese Healing Exercises, 6


6 (pp. 198-232) "Dao-yin To-day".

pp. 200-1 clandestine resistance against Maoism


recent history


"In the 1960s ..., qigong was ... suppressed ... and practitioners went underground, continuing to perform their exercises and transmitting them in silence.

The 1970s saw the emergence of large-scale qigong and self-healing by ordinary people ... . ... .


... after ... Mao [Tse-tung]’s death in 1976, numerous practitioners came out of the woodwork or, as the Chinese say, "emerged from the mountains" (chushan ...)."

p. 201 extraordinary powers

By the 1980s, Qi-gon’s "main focus ... had shifted to the acquisition of "Extraordinary Powers," things like clairvoyance, telepathy, psychokinesis, distance healing, and

the ability to read with the ears rather than the eyes (Palmer 2007, 106).

{[AJ, p. 315] "In Russia blind children are being trained first to sense colors ... on their hands, then to read printed matter. ...

[AJ, p. 316] Dr. Cesare Lomboso wrote in After Death – What? of a patient who, when suffering temporary attacks of blindness, could see with her ears."}

Palmer 2007 = David Palmer : Qigong Fever : ... Utopia in China. NY : Columbia U Pr.

AJ = Herbert B. Greenhouse : The Astral Journey. New York, NY : Avon Books, 1974.

pp. 201-2 new style of Qi-gon masters

p. 201

"Some masters became very famous, such as Yan Xin, who ... in ... controlled experiments, was able to influence a building’s electrical system and move objects several kilometers away (Palmer 2007,

p. 202

141). Giving power-inducing lectures to thousands at a time, he became somewhat of a cult figure, with people undertaking pilgrimages to his home village ... (Palmer 2007, 145)."

pp. 202-4 new religions in China as of the 1990s


new religions


In the 1990s, "Typical groups at the time were

Zangmigong ... (Tantric Qigong), for all intents and purposes a new religion based on Tibetan Buddhism (Palmer 2007, 199);

Zhonggong ... (Central Qigong), an extensive organization that led practitioners to ultimate liberation through eight levels of increasingly religious practices (Palmer 2007, 208-209); and

Falungong ... (Dharma Wheel Practice), a messianic cult ... was set to rid the world of demons, both earthly and extraterrestrial, and to prepare a generation of purified and highly empowered followers for a new world to come. To this end, [it] created a system of strict control,


forbidding [its] followers to read anything except [its] books (especially Zhuan Falun ...) ... (Palmer 2007, 234-236).

{This forbiddance must be considered helpful in such a misguided country as China, where nearly the only other books available to be read were atheistic political propaganda authored by governmental hacks.}

202, fn. 2

"Falungong or Falun dafa" : "As David Palmer correctly points out, its goals, missions, and methods closely resemble [those of] other ... militant cults in Chinese history, from the early Celestial Masters to the White Lotus Society of the Ming ... (2007, 289). ... Since its expulsion from the Chinese mainland, moreover, Falungong has mutated into a political movement that, as can be clearly seen in its publication Epoch Times, openly works for the demise of" Maoism.


"After being expelled from the official {= government-controlled} qigong association ..., it was outlawed in 1996 ... . ... Since then Falungong has been severely persecuted, its leader living in the United States and


its overseas followers actively and openly pursuing the downfall of the [mainland] Chinese [Maoism-based] government."

{It surely is needful to pursue the overthrow of atheist materialism (inhaerent in such as systems as Maoism).}


Qi-gon’s "Western practitioners ... As noted by Louis Komjathy, ... tend to ...


venerating Chinese masters in a kind of ... Orientalism (2006, 211)."

Komjathy 2006 = Louis Komjathy : "Qigong in America". In :- Livia Kohn (ed.) : Daoist Body Cultivation. Magdalena (NM) : Three Pines Pr. pp. 203-36.

{The authoress (L.K.) is excessively obsequious to the brutal and repressive Maoist regime. This is a frightfully cowardly attitude.}

pp. 204-5 instances of the Movement Therapies in China


Movement Therapy


"Wang Xudong, the editor of the bilingual Life Cultivation and Rehabilitation in Traditional Chinese Medicine, begins his work with two chapters on ... essence, qi, and spirit, then outlining historical highlights of the practice (2003, 4-14). He describes its key efforts as [conforming to] ... the Chinese ... holistic model (22). After this he turns to the actual practices ... : (1) regulating emotions); ... (3) dietary practices

Wang recommends that one use the different emotions to hold each other in check and to work with colors to balance them (2003, 22-28). ... Following this, the book has twenty pages on dietary methods, including ... various herbal remedies ... (43-60). A similar attitude is also present in the next section, on sexual activity, which should be


undertaken ... without extreme emotions ... (61-63). After all these regulations for daily living, the final section focuses on healing exercises. The section begins with general instructions on mental concentration for the purpose of balancing qi and creating a unity of body and spirit. ... in then describes the classic Five Animals Frolic, Eight Brocades, and Sinews Transformation practice, as well as the basics of taiji quan. It concludes the discussion of life cultivation with a presentation of ... useful practices for maintaining a harmonious qi ... (63-78).


In many ways this presentation echoes the Yangshen yaoji of the early middle ages and the Yinshu of the Han manuscripts."


"A similar outline is also found in The Mystery of Longevity by Liu Zhengcai, who is ... a modern student of longevity. He describes seasonally appropriate ways ... . Focused breathing and meditation are recommended to balance the natural patterns of qi."

Xudong 2003 = Wang Xudong (ed.) : Life Cultivation and Rehabilitation in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

p. 205 Health Praeservation

"China’s Traditional Way of Health Preservation by Zeng Qingnan and Liu Daoqing (2002) ... in many ways replicates the recommendations made in Life Cultivation. In addition, however, the book distinguishes "Traditional Health Protection Exercises: (ch. 11), where it describes taiqi quan, the Five Animals’ Frolic, the Eight Brocades, and the Sinews Transformation Classic, from "Qigong Exercises" (ch. 12). Qigong, according to this, is more mind-focused and centered on the inner guiding of qi".

Zeng & Liu 2002 = Zeng Qingnan & Liu Daoqing : China’s Traditional Way of Health Preservation. Beijing : Foreign Languages Pr.

p. 206 a breathing-practice sequence (in Zeng & Liu 2002, 360-4) in 7 steps, said to be based on the Dao-yin Tu chart from Ma-wan-dui


title of step



"Be in Silent Pose :

... place the tongue against the upper palate ..., then circulate the qi along the channels in front and back of the torso."


"Complete the Qi Cycle :

Expand the cycle of qi ..., moving back to front for men, and front to back for women."


"Swing the Heavenly Column :

... turn the head right and left, then ... gradually raising the palms to the top of the head."


"Imagine a Snow Fountain :

Visualize a fountain of drops ... from the top of the head to the soles of the feet".


"Repeat a Silent Saying :

Imagine a ... breeze ..., then say to yourself : "All ... sways with the wind. ...""


"Relax and Let Go :

... let the qi go wherever it moves,

{"The wind bloweth where it listeth". (Euangelion of Ioannes 3:8)}


let the body move if it does".

{"seiki jitsu" : "you can see your body ... make automatic movements." (FD, p. 77)}


"Conclude the Practice :

Focus on the Bubbling Well point at the soles of the feet and ... raise your hands in spirals".

FD = Bradford Keeney : The Flying Drum. Beyond Words, Hillsboro (OR), 2011.

pp. 209-10 new Dao-yin forms

p. 209

"Daoyin Tao ... was developed by Anna-Louise Haigh".


Dao-yin Yan-s^en, developed by Z^an Guan-de, "is documented in his book Daoyin yangsheng gong ... (2001)."

p. 210

"Yet another Daoyin ... appears in the work of Jerry Alan Johnson, ... in his book Chinese Medical Qigong Therapy (2000). ... Ultimately, one will create the so-called Bridge of Light that connects the different aspects of the mind with ... the Thread of Life in the heart and the Thread of Creativity in the throat (Johnson 2000, 359-369)."

pp. 214-5 new Dao-yin forms in Hon Kon

p. 214

"Hong Kong Chinese receive new forms of healing exercises from the beyond, usually via the planchette, a tray of sand in which a medium in trance writes characters dictated by the gods. Various deities are being channeled, most commonly the immortal Lu: Dongbin, but the one revealing healing exercises is Jigong ... (1162-1194), the so-called mad monk who ... Flouting the monastic rules ... was expelled from his temple and went begging through the country, always laughing ... . He became well known as a trickster ... who had the magic touch ... . ... The practice that goes back to him is called Formless Meditation in Motion

p. 215

(wuxiang xinfa donggong ...). ... The exercises ... consist of seven subtle move executed from a standing position".

p. 218 Ni Hua-c^in & his Dao-in (Dao-yin)

"Ni Hua-ching was born in Wenzhou, a coastal city in Zhejiang province ... . ... 1976 ... brought Ni to California. ... in Malibu ... he opened a shrine called the Eternal Breath of Tao ... . ... He also founded Yo San Universtiy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 1989, an accredited degree-granting college. ... He ... has self-published ... a volume entitled Attune Your Body with Dao-In ... (1989)."

pp. 221-4 Mantak C^ia & his Tao-yin (Dao-yin)

p, 221

"Mantak Chia was born in Thailand in 1944. ... The main Western teacher trained by Chia is Michael Winn, who founded the Healing Dao University in upstate New York". "Chia’s book Tai Yin ... (1999 ...)".

p. 222

"The first set of exercises begins with ... the conscious warming of the Triple Heater with the xi breath (one of what Chia calls the Six Healing Sounds). ... The purpose of this initial set is ... to create an initial awareness ... of the meridians that will be energized in the following sets. ...

The next set combines ... three poses ... (Chia 1999, 76-80) :"


C^ia’s practice

yoga pose


"Stretch the Bow"

"Boat with Oars"


"Mountain Rises from the Sea"

"Bridge Pose"


"Cricket Rests on Flower"

"Wheel Pose"

p. 223

Set 3 is mostly executed on the belly and consists fully of poses also found in yoga (Chia 1999, 95-119) :"


C^ia’s practice

yoga pose


"Dolphin Lifts Tail"

"Locust Pose"


"Flying in Dreams"

"Supine Boat Pose"


"Cobra’s Ritual of Love"

"Cobra Pose"


"Peacock Looks at His Tail"

"Pigeon Pose"


"The next set, executed from a seated position, begins with ... a move called Rowing a Boat".

p. 224

"The fifth and last set focuses almost entirely on the arms. ... Called Dragon Stretches or Dragon Stretches Claws, they particularly activate the meridians that run through the arms."

pp. 226-7 Do-in (Dao-yin) of Macrobiotics

p. 226

"George Ohsawa (1893-1966) ... studied a book by Sagen Ishizuka ... . ... His main disciples were Herman Aikawa and Michio Kushi.

Yin represents centrifugality; yang represents centripetality. ...

In his work The Book of Do-In (1979), Kushi describes Daoyin ... . ...

p. 227

Spiritual exercises are a close adaptation of the Seated Eight Brocades. ... . ... the morning set has much in common with sequences associated with Pengzu and Master Redpine in the Daoyin jing".

p. 226, fn. 8

pp. 229-30 Acu-yoga

p. 229

"Acu-Yoga ... was founded by Michael Reed Gach ... ." "The exercises, which are not strenuous ...,

p. 230

activate the eight extraordinary vessels (called "regulator channels"), and ... stimulate the workings of the twelve organ meridians. In all cases, certain postures are assumed that open the area in question and certain acupuncture points are pressed {acupressure} ... . The mind actively connects to the practice, guiding qi to the points and along the channels, fostering a growing awareness of the subtle energy body ... . ... Other Acu-Yoga practices serve to treat specific ailments".

pp. 230-1 Taoist Yoga & Yin Yoga

p. 230

"Paul Grilley, ... In the 1980s, came in contact with Paulie Zink, a ... practitioner who had ... received instruction in ... exercises ... transmitted to his master by a Daoist. Working under the name Taoist Yoga, Zink ... learned to open the energy body."

p. 230, fn. 9

Paulie Zink "lives today in a Montana homestead and ... teaches his techniques locally and in workshops."

p. 231

"Grilley created Yin Yoga, which is a ...restful practice".

"As James Oschman notes,

... Each movement and each compression of the body causes the crystalline lattice ... to generate bioelectronic signals. (2000, 49)"


Livia Kohn : Chinese Healing Exercises : the Tradition of Daoyin. A Latitude 20 Bk, U of HI Pr, Honolulu, 2008.