"Concept of Karman"

[pp. 60-97 are Jaina]

docrine of karman

p. 26 R.c Veda Samhita

Veda, other than Samhita

elsewhere

     

4:26:27 praevious births

p. 40 B.-A."man's next birth depends on his desires, as his desires are, so will be his next birth"

as in the Republic of Platon, where the souls of the dead choose according to their own praedilections

p. 39 S`atapatha-Brahman.a 6:2:2:27 "everyone is born into the world [which hath been] fashioned by himself"

p. 97 [Jaina] "People are the architect of their own fate."

7:86:6 continuation of vicious deeds from praevious birth

B.-A. 4:4:1-2 continuation of deeds of same nature from one life into the next

 

6:2:11 prayer to get rid of karman from praevious birth

   

7:9:3; 7:101:6; 7:102:2 transmigration of soul into immovable trees

 

3:38:2 san~cita karman

p. 29 Br.hat-Aran.yaka & Chandogya-Upanis.ad The ks.atriya king Rajanya Pravahan.a Jaivali of Pan~cala, [a clan] of the Vratya-s of the east, first divulged as a secret the doctrine of karman

 

1:164:20 prarabdha karman

 

p. 38 16th hymn of 10th man.d.ala

   
   

Kama

p. 48 The Carvaka system is also known as Kama-acara-vada.

In the Tantra-s, Mara is generally identified with Kama-deva.

This would suggest a Carvaka worship of Mara; and thus that

Kama-deva is first mentioned in the Atharvan Veda, thus suggesting that the Carvaka-s were occultist-sorcerers.

The Tantra-s mention the "5 arrows" of Kama, indicating [American-Indian-style] "prayer-arrows".

the Bauddha faith may have originated / developed in reaction against this worship of Mara.

[Sorcerers, like warlocks & witches, often conceal their identity under the praetended guise of "atheists". No-one in India, even to-day, would be so misguided as to be a bonafide atheist.]

yoga

p. 71

Yoga is [defined as] "the vibrations set up in the soul through mind, body and speech."

   

p. 72 the 3 kinds of yoga

1st

manas-__ "mental": satya "truth"

2nd

vac-__ "speech": satya "truth"

3rd

kaya-__ "bodily", concerning the 7 bodies:-

 

#

__ body

 

1st

Audarika (physical)

 

2nd

Vai-kriya (transfomational)

 

3rd

Aharika (translocational)

 

4th

Karman.a (karmik)

 

5th

Au. mixed with K.

 

6th

V. mixed with K.

 

7th

A. mixed with K.

p. 75 the 5 Nidraka-s

1st

Nidraka

awakened by slight sound

2nd

Nidra-anidraka

awakened by being shaken

3rd

Pracalaka

sleep while sitting

4th

Pracala-pracalaka

sleep while standing

5th

Styana-gr.ddhi

somnambulism

p. 78 the 6 karma-s of the body-joints

Vajra

R.s.abha

Naraca

Ardha-naraca

Kilika

Sevarta

mutually binding the Pudgala-s

pp. 78-79 the 6 karma-s of body-type

Sama-catur-asra

Nyagrodha pariman.d.ala

Sadi

Kubja

Vamana

Hun.d.a

pp. 79-80 the 8 pratyeka prakr.ti-s

Praghata

"superiority over others"

Uc^hvasa

breathing

A-tapa

no overheating

Ud-dyota

emit cold lustre

A-guru-laghu

neither heavy nor light

Tirtha-kara

prophecy

Nirman.a

"formation of the limbs"

Upaghata

self-annihilation [suicide?]

pp. 81-84 sthiti bandha (duration of bondage)

(k[ot.i]; k[ot.a-]k[ot.i]; P[alya-]U[pama]; S[agara-]U[pama] = kot.a-kot.i Palya-Upama-s; M[uhurta] = 48 minutes; A[valika] = 1/16,777,216th of Muhurta)

p.

karman

duration

maximum (all except ayus reckoned in kk SU)

minimum

81

5 veilings of knowledge; or, 4 veilings of undifferentiated cognition

30

<1 M

 

5 nidraka-s (sleeps)

30

3/7 SU

 

sensation of pleasure

15

12 M

 

sensation of pain

30

3/7 SU

 

5 hindrances

30

<1 M

 

unbelief

70

1 SU

 

12 passions

40

4/7 SU

 

anger

40

2 Masa

 

pride

40

1 Masa

 

deceit

40

1 Paks.a

 

greed

40

<1 M

 

joking

10

17 SU

 

disgust

20

2/7

 

sexual desire by males

10

8 y

 

sexual desire by females

15

SU

 

sexual desire by neuters

20

2/7 SU

 

infernal ayus (life-span)

33 SU

10,000 y

 

animal ayus (life-span)

3 SU

256 A

82

human ayus (life-span)

3 SU

256 A

 

caelestial ayus (life-span)

33 SU

10,000 y

 

infernal recurrences of life-span

30

2000/7 PU

 

animal recurrences of life-span

20

2/7 SU

 

human recurrences of life-span

15

3/14 SU

 

caelestial recurrences of life-span

10

2000/7 PU

 

1-sensed class of beings

20

2/7 SU

 

2-3-4-sensed class of beings

18

9/35 SU

 

5-sensed class of beings

20

2/7 SU

 

physical, fiery, & karman -bodies

20

2/7 SU

 

transformation-body

20

2000/7 SU

 

translocation-body

<1

<1 kk SU

 

Vajra

10

1/7 SU

 

R.s.abha

12

6/35 SU

 

Naraca

14

7/35 SU

 

Ardha-naraca

16

8/35 SU

 

Kilika

18

9/35 SU

 

Sevarta

20

2/7 SU

 

black color [of soul]

20

2/7 SU

 

green color [of soul]

17+

2/7 SU

 

red color [of soul]

15

2/7 SU

 

yellow color [of soul]

12+

2/7 SU

83

white color [of soul]

10

1/7 SU

 

pleasant odor

10

1/7 SU

 

unpleasant odor

20

2/7 SU

 

bitter taste

20

2/7 SU

 

biting taste

17+

2/7 SU

 

astringent taste

15

<1 M

 

sour taste

12+

2/7 M

 

sweet taste

10

1/7 M

 

cold

20

2/7 M

 

warm

10

1/7 M

 

infernal anu-purvi

20

2000/7 PU

 

animal anu-purvi

20

2/7 SU

 

human anu-purvi

15

3/14 SU

 

caelestial anu-purvi

10

2000/7 PU

 

pleasant gait

10

1/7 SU

 

unpleasant gait

2

2/7 SU

 

"cold lustre"

20

2/7 SU

 

Tirthakara

<1

<1 kk SU

 

formation

20

2/7 SU

 

moveable

20

2/7 SU

 

melodious

10

1/7 SU

84

fame

10

8 M

 

undeveloped

18

9/35 SU

 

unsuggestive

20

2/7 SU

 

high (wealthy) family

10

8/35 SU

 

low (poor) family

20

2/7 SU

[this may be taken from a manuscript with #s partially slipped back by one space; as it would regularly be expected that there would be the same duration for each color of soul, etc.]

pp. 86-87 Les`ya-s (colors of souls)

#

les`ya

character

1st

krs.n.a (black)

cruel, torturing

2nd

nila (blue)

hypocritical

3rd

kapota (gray)

wrathful

4th

tejas (fiery)

religious

5th

padma (pink)

compassionate

6th

s`ukla (white)

impartial

p. 197 dependent origination in Veda-anta -- in stages:-

1st

a-vidya (ignorance)

2nd

a-viveka (indiscrimnation)

3rd

abhi-mana (attachment)

4th

raga-dves.a-adi (emotion & hatred)

5th

karman (activity)

6th

embodiment

7th

misery

p. 314 karma-s

2 karma-s, by time for reaping reward

"karman"

its definition

laukika __

"Actions whose fruits are to be reaped in this world"

para-laukika __

"those actions where are performed here in this world with a view to get their fruits in the next world"

   

3 karma-s, by intensity of efforts

karman

explanation

san~cita ("accumulated")

"have not yet begun to manifest themselves"

prarabdha ("actions-in-being")

"have begun to manifest by influencing man's mind"

kriya-man.a ("action-in-doing")

"actions which are done at present but whose fruits will have to be borne in future"

nis.-kama karman-s

according to author (pp.317-321), nis.-kama ("without desire") activities are of the nature of altruism:

but actually, altruism involveth very much desire (for performing it); what would truly be "without desire" would be only a state of "possession" of one's self by a deity

p. 315 scripturally required karman-s

karman

definition

s`rauta __

[as, in Gr.hya Sutra-s: samskara-s (life-cycle rites)]

smarta __

[jati ("guild")] work-assignment

pauran.ika __

[most notably, pilgrimage to tirtha-s]

Kewal Krishna Anand: Indian Philosophy (Concept of Karma). Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan, 1982.