Palo Mayombe, IV.1.

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Part IV -- Nfinda

pp. 169-203

IV.1.

Herbarium of Mayombe

pp. 170-195

IV.2.

Palos of Mayombe

pp. 196-203

[Part V --] Appendices

pp. 204-210


IV.1.

Herbarium of Mayombe

pp. 170-195

pp. 171-95 herbs

p.

vernacular n.

Latin name

attributes

171

abelmosco

Hibiscus abelmoschus

"fragrant and musky ... oil of its seeds can be used as ... perfume ... . ... It repels insects."


agogo

Brugmansia suaveolens

"to facilitate dreaming ... and for spirit interaction. ... It ... generates loving bonds between man and spirit."


aku`n

Persea gratissima

"also known as Avocado is ... for luck and to change one's fortune."

172

amuyo

Erigeron pusillus

"effective against urinary problems and hemorrhage."


ancanaa` / ntola

Manilkara albescens

"fivefold symmetry. Its flowers have five petals and its fruits always come in clusters of five."


banso / ortiga

Tragia gracilis

"hardy small plant that thrives under harsh conditions." {candelilla (GA-CH, p. 175)}


bejuco zarzaparilla

Smilax domigensis

"effective in the treatment of leprosy." "Gurunfinda loves this plant."


beleloasu

Trichilia hirta

"expelling of hostile and negative spirits. It also dispels body lice".

173

benkeye

Erythroxylon confusum

"to provoke chaos"


berikolae

Pithec-ellobium unguis-cacti

"very thorny; it lives in symbiosis with the yellow shouldered parrot, its [the plant's] fruits being crucial to its [the parrot's] survival. ... It is used ... to create ... discord between couples and groups."


bijaguara / angico / yopo

Anaden-anthera colubrina

"contains tryptamine and bufotenine in its seeds. ... It ... is frequently employed to cause insanity."


biwoto ("IP", p. 327, s.v. "Alacrancillo")

Heliotropium indicum

"is used medicinally for healing wounds ... . ... It is more frequently used in ... baths."

174

bukua

Abarena glaucum

"success in business, gambling, and love."


caguairan

Copaifera

"good against acne. ... exterminate warts." "sacred to Cobayende."


calentura

Asclepias curassavica

"to drain the eyes of people ... of envy." {"QuM"}


cana brava

Bambusa vulgaris

"siliceous fluid ... from the cane is good medicine for ... asthma."

175

carbonero

Cassia biflora

"stir sexual desires ... to reunite lovers".


cat's claw

Momisia iguanaea

"combat fevers and ... ailments of the liver." {iguana hackberry (GA-CH, p. 607)}


cedro / nkunia menga tuala

Cedreira mexicana

"Usually the tree used is the white cedar. ... The oil ... opens ... to otherworldly experiences." {Swietenia mahogani (DLCRC, p. 64a)}


ceiba

Ceiba pentandra

"silk cotton tree ... is the most important tree in Palo Mayombe". "This is Nsasi's favorite tree".

176

chamico

Datura stramonium

"sacramental plant ... mostly used to induce insanity and send nightmares"


chichicate

Urera baccifera

"is used to unleash legions of malefica ... . It ... can expel gallbladder stones, aid in the recovery from tuberculosis and heal ovarian bleeding."


chinyo

Merremia tuberosa

"is at times used to sow discord or create movement in a situation."


chona

Annona glabra

"known as alligator apple ...

177

"

" "

It ... is frequently applied in bilongo[-]s to manipulate court cases."


chunue

Cordia valenzuela

"brings stability to the nkisi and in particular those of Nkuyu." {"wild cherry" (GA-CH, p. 85)}


conchita

Clitoria ternatea

"an aphrodisiac and to ease ... painful periods. It has proved ... an antispasmodic".


cle-kukumenga

Randia aculeata

"indigo berry ... aids liver recovery"


cuajincillo

Prunus myrtifolia

"cherry"


cundeamor

Momodica balsamica

"A decoction can be made and thrown on the ground to ... keep one[']s perimeter clean." {antidiabetic, fruit-aril is eaten cooked ("BA").}

178

dagame

Calophyllum candidissum

"lemonwood ... . It bitter and pungent resin treats ulcers and its leaves ... diabetes." "sacred to Vence Bataya."


dioke

Ambrosia artemisii-folia

"ragweed ... can also ease the itching of insect bites" {cf. black ragweed seed used as food-offering for ghosts of the dead among Meso-Amerindians (e.g., QD, p. 219).}


dondoko

Cestrum nocturnum

"intense sweet smell of lilac which it releases in the night." {gala`n de la noche, very recommended for widows who wish to remarry (I`P, p. 465)}


dormidiera

Mimosa pudica

"wonderful thorny bush which has a turbulent relationship with lilies and they should not be planted too close to each other."

179

dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara

"bittersweet nightshade or snakeberry ... highly effective against pains in the joints and diabetes"


dou`ki

Gossypio-spermum praecox

"treatment of hypertension, infection and swellings." "sacred to Tiembla Tierra and is used in works ... to punish."


egua

Gonolobus pubescens

"can be used against hemorrhoids"


embi

Aristolochia trilobata

"Orchid like vine. ... . ... was used ... to ... after childbirth ... expel the placenta, hence in European traditional medicine it is often called the birthwort."

180

escoba armaga

Parthenium hysterophorus

"to fight pimples and ulcers."


espartillo

Sporobolus indicus

"used in works with Nkuyu and Nsasi, in particular to manifest them as ndoki." {West-Indian dropseed (GA-CH, p. 270)}


ewele keri

Cissus trifoliata

"grape ivy is a plant that guards the health of a household if planted at the front and back door of the house." "sacred to Baluande" {sorrel vine (GA-CH, p. 135)}


fideillo

Cuscuta americana

"known as the Devil's hair due to its ... parasitic nature. It can attach to a great variety of plants ... and lives on in the host."

181

fiko

Erythroxylum vaccinii-folium

"stimulates the nervous system and fights fatigue. ... It is sacred to Zarabanda and is used in works ... for new partnerships ... of business."


finli

Hura crepitans

"with its spiny grey trunk is commonly used ... to expel intrusive spirits ... . ... It is at times used in the sacred drink ayahuasca. It is also known as dynamite tree due to the noise caused when the seed cap[sule]s are bursting". {finli = aba = acebo de sierra (TEPM, p. 103)} {salvadera, sandbox tree ("O&PH")}


firio

Indigofera suffruticosa

"its indigo pigments ... turn into an intense royal blue color." "sacred to Baluande"


flecheo

Pithecellobium saman

"rain tree ... is used in funeral rites"

182

fugwe` / abrojo

Tribulus cistoides

"facilitates receiving the spirit. ... It ... restores the immune system ... . It is sacred to all nkisi."


fumasi

Elsota virgata

"to break spells ... . ... It can also be used for opening opportunities".


genjibre

Zingiber officinale

"ginger"


gougoro`

Cinnamomum camphora

"effective spider and scorpion repellant"


granada

Punica granatum

"pomegranate". [p. 183 :] "to ward off accidents and to chase away the spirits of nightmare."

183

groo

Bucida augustifolia

"is used in Haiti ... to make wanga[-]s."


guaney

Linociera domingensis

"for banishing and expels with great ease the presence of unwanted individuals.


guaco

Micania guaco

"to expel ingested bilongo[-]s"


hueso

Picramnia pentandra

"treatment of dengue. ... . ... to ward off any hostile intrusion".


iggioro

Beilschmiedia pendula

"slugwood ... . Moss is easily drawn to this".


imbi iye

Elaphrium simaruba

"a wood used to make drums in Haiti ... .

184

" "

" "

... It ... is particularly good for countering gout".


inki

Gymnanthes lucida

"to induce emotional stability"


inkita / cuaba

Amyris balsamifera

"fragrant wood ... . The oil eleni is extracted from this wood."


ise

Pimpinella anisum

"Anise ... a plant that draws spirits easily and facilitates true dreaming."


inso / siguaraya

Trichilia havanensis

"to mislead any adversary."


kindungo

Capsicum annuum

"rejuvenation and combats ... old age"

185

kousu

Stillingia sebifera

"to maintain vitality." "sacred to Cobayende"


kuakari

Didymopanax morototoni

"can ease tension and hysteria"


kualango dianputo

Allium sativa

"garlic"


kunino

Schaefferia frutescens

"to appease ... . ... to combat flu, cold and coughs."


langwe

Cordia collococca

"used to make guitars."


leremi

Securidaca volubilis

"restoration of the liver.

186

"

" "

... is used to reunite people that have been parted because of bilongo."


loso

Oriza stativa

"Rice"


lunga kuma

Zanthoxylum martinicense

"The thorns are ... used ... for warding off the evil eye."


maeri / gwangango

Acacia cornigera

"The thorns on the tree serve as houses for ants who in return defend the tree."


macusey macho

Philodendrum lacerum

"with its young leaves that look like dragon's heads treats arthritis"


peregun

Dracena

[p. 187 :] "serenity and dedication."

187

male

Cucurbita maxima

"pumpkin ... . ... The seeds are good for the marrow and the heart."


manlofo

Ficus religiosa

"fight cholera ... and smallpox."


mansagro

Macfadyena ungis-cacti

"to separate and create chaos among friends."


masere

Myrica cerifera

"bayberry ... . ... . ... against ... typhoid"

188

mastuerzo

Lepidium virginicum

"to attract love"


mayanda

Carthamus tinctorius

"affictions of the uterus, menstrual pains"


mbala

Ipomea batatas

"sweet potato"


mbota

Cordia alba

"diminsh cramps"


mbuni

Bunchosia nitida

"very hardy wood used in healing rituals"


mechuso

Ocimum basilicum

"blisters, ... rashes of the skin."


monchunto / copaiba

Copaifera officinalis

"antifungal"

189

ndemba

Sesamum indicum

"sesame seeds"


nduambo

Gossypium arboreum

"good against urinary infections"


ndukora

Tetracera volubilis

"heals spider bites"


nbuembo

Batatas crassicaulis

"against chesty colds"


nfei

Agapanthus africanus

"effective against tumors"


ngu`ngo

Kallistroemia maxima

"sagebud is most effective in works ... to reverse spells."


nkafo kibulo

Solanum havanense

"remedy ... of the eyes"

190

nkunia

Datura suaveolens

"to bring people together, especially the root. ... this plant is excellent for ... the increase of animal magnetism."


nontori

Heteropterys laurifolia

"a curious plant ... which can be applied in works of bindings. It has obsessive qualities"


npoti

Hippocratea volubilis

"used in workings of prosperity and to fortify one[']s luck."


nyouyole

Gouania polygama

"Black nightshade. ... This plant is ... said to be the blood of Gurunfinda".


oline

Chenopodium ambrosoides

"the Jesuit's tea ... has a taste similar to fennel and anise, albeit with an additional note of bitterness."

191

pangua

Nicotinia tabacum

"tobacco"


peregrina

Kalanchoe aegyptiaca

"cough syrup can be made from it." "sacred to Baluande."


plantano

Musa paradisiaca

banana-plantain "sacred to all nkisi."

192

abre camino

Vernonia polyanthes

"It attracts good fortune and is indispensable for the prenda."


sandu

Cocos nucifera

"coconut"


seikon

Acalypha diversifolia

"afflictions of the digestive system"


sekuse

Philodendron bipinnafidum

"vermifuge ... and can also be used against rheumatism and ulcers."


sigua

Celosia cristata

"anti-bacterial"


sucui

Ilex montana

"a holly"

193

sunsumie

Acacia farnesiana

"treebarks in curing malaria."


tongo

Leonitis nepetifolia

"against high blood pressure ... . ... It is ... referred to as lion's ladder ... . It can ... induce a ... slightly hypnotic state".


topia`

Acacia gliricidia

"powerful repellent of external parasites and insects."


totoi

Commelina virginica

"anti-hypertensive"


touje

Polianthes tuberosa

"to calm down nfuri and make nfumbe more serene. ... It ... is used in works of peace ...; it brings tranquility and a more lofty spirituality".

194

tu`anso

Turbina corymbosa

"Women's distress" "sacred to Tiembla Tierra."


tufiolo

Coffea arabica

coffee


wangara

Serjania

"Litchi"


waniko

Thunbergia fragrans

"against headaches and insomnia."


yena

Petiveria alliacea

[p. 195 :] "against bats ... . ... good effects in the treatment of Alzheimers."

195

yongoso

Helianthus annus

"sunflower"


yukula / caoba

Swietenia mahagoni

"cure anaemia"


yumbe

Capsicum baccatum

"cayenne pepper"

GA-CH = Dalia Quiros-Moran : Guide to Afro-Cuban Herbalism. AuthorHouse, 2009.

"I`P" = "I`ndice de Plantas". Lydia Cabrera : El Monte. pp. 317-606. http://mediastore.cult.cu/imagenes/libros/Libros%20Fisicos/Literatura%20Cubana/subir%20libros/EL%20MONTE%202.pdf

QuM" = "Quiebra Muelas" http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/monografia.php?l=3&t=Quiebra_muelas&id=7442

DLCRC = Teodoro Di`az Fabelo : Diccionario de la Lengua Conga Residual en Cuba. Collectio`n de Africani`a, Universidad de Alcala`. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0011/001130/113012so.pdf

"BA" = "Balsam Apple" http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/811/

QD = Heather Valencia & Rolly Kent : Queen of Dreams : the Story of a Yaqui Dreaming Woman. Simon & Schuster, NY, 1991.

TEPM = Marcelo Madan : Tratado Enciclope`dico de Palo Monte. Orunmila Edn Publ. http://books.google.com/books?id=_rP63dgCpjwC&pg=PA103&lpg=PA103&dq=

"O&PH" = "Orisha and Palo Herbs" http://www.wemba-music.org/orisha_and_palo_herbs.htm

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Nicholaj de Mattos Frisvold : Palo Mayombe : the garden of blood and bones. Bibliothe`que Rouge (Scarlet Imprint), 2011.