"Origins and Development of the Taoist Religion"

2 poe:ms, traditionally interpreted as political satires, by C^>u: Yu:an of C^>u


Li Sao – chariot-ride, wherein Hsi [&] Ho ("Mother and chariot-driver of the sun" – p. 414, fn. 4) pull the reins, while Wan [&] S^u ("Mother and chariot-driver of the moon" – p. 415, fn. 7) run ahead


location in heaven

activity by visitor


"Hanging Gardens" {cf. "Hanging Gardens" as Wonder of the World} at "Sacred Stone"

stay a moment


Yen-tzu ("Mountain where the sun sets" – fn. 5)

gaze at it


Hsien pool ("Pool where the sun bathes every morning before ascending into the heavens" – fn. 6)

water horses at it


Fu-san tree ("is the one by which ... the sun climbs to heaven" – fn. 6)

tie chariot to it


Lo tree ("where the sun sets" – fn. 6)

cut branch from it "to strike the sun"


Yu:an Yu (‘Distant Journey’) – guided by Fen-lun ("god of Thunder" – fn. 11)


C^>an-ho portal ("Gate of Heaven" – fn. 9)



T>ai-wei palace

collect double yan


Hsu:n-s^ih with the Pure Capital

look up it


Non-Action [Wu-wei]




come to


the Great Beginning

dawn nigh

{with branch of Lo tree, cf. "golden bough" of Aineas, in Aeneid by Vergilius}

C^uan-tzu (Legge : SACRED BOOKS OF THE EAST, Vol.XXIX. pp. 297-300) -- instruction by master Kuan-c^>en to Huan-ti


visitations after intervals


after __

Huan-ti went to Kuan-c^>en and inquired concerning __


19 years’ reign

"growing of cereals"


3 months’ hermitage

how to regulate one’s self so as to last aeternally


promises by Kuan-c^>en to Huan-ti


I shall go with thee to __

we shall reach the source of the __


the summit of Great Clarity

supreme Yan


the gate of Profound Darkness

supreme Yin


departing from Huan-ti, Kuan-c^>en will :-


enter through

the Gate of the Infinite


wander in

the Fields of the Limitless


mingle his light with

that of the Sun and of the Moon


last as long as

Heaven and Earth

worship of Huan-Lao



deity worhipped



2nd century Chr.E.


Yellow Turbans


2nd century before Chr.E.


sire Ko of C^iao-hsi


T>ien-s^u in C^ao


1st century Chr.E.

emperor Min of the Later Han


Liu Tzu-c^>an, praeceptor of Liu Yin the king of C^>u


Jen Wei the marquis of Le-lin

Henry Maspero (translated from the French by Frank A. Kierman, Jr.): Taoism and Chinese Religion. U. of MA Pr, Amherst, 1981. pp. 413-430.