Wellsprings of the Great Perfection, 2


(2:1) pp. 114- 120 "The 12 Dzog-chen Buddha-s (excerpt from the Heart-Essence of Vimala-mitra)"







lifespan, in years



perfect-palace waterlily-flower in realm of Abundant Delight

Great Vajra-dhara as Youth of Inconceivable Sublime Light

root-tantra, compiled by caelestial youth Mighty Bringer of joy & divine youth Brilliant Sun

1002 buddha-s





Youth of Immutable Light

5 tantra-s (body, speech, mind, quality, activity) : in language of 5-tufted Vis.n.u

2 laks.a-s of d.akini-s

10 laks.a-s



Mass of Light composed of warmth & of moisture

Gentle Splendor Protector against Fear

Churning the Depths of Samsara; Peafowl with Entwined Necks; Glorious Tantra of the Resolution of the 4 Elements : in the language of 3-tufted Garud.a

6 laks.a-s of bodhi-sattva-s

1 laks.a



place of the material womb

Youth Playful Grace

11 tantra-s (5 of mind + 6 branch-tantra-s)

5,000 yaks.a-s & cliff-dwelling raks.a-s




Healing Herb Garden of Youth

Vajra-dhara the 6th

the 6 paramita-s

the 7 successive buddha-s




Blazing Fire Mountain in charnel-ground Delighting in the Great Secret

Great Powerful Warrior Youth

father-tantra-s & mother-tantra-s

7 bodhi-sattva-s




Raks.a Sound of Rulu

Wrathful Sage King

10 Tantra-s for Turning the Rough-Minded

1 kot.i of raks.a-s




Vulture Peak Mountain

Sublime Golden Light

Vinaya in 10,000 sections

many s`ravaka-s




at tree of enlightenment within palace of Complete Victory in land of Turquoise-Browed Sog-po-s

Lovingly Playful Wisdom

7 Studded Tantra-s

bodhi-sattva-s on the 8th bhumi




Vulture Peak

Kas`yapa the Elder

Kriya & Anu-yoga in 75,000 parts

7 arhant-s




place of the Vajra Throne

Truly Perfected Father King

definitive meaning

lords of the 3 families




An-atha-pin.d.a-da’s pleasure grove


Dharma-wheel turned 12 times

4 groups


p. 422, n. 28 the 7 bodhi-sattva-s (retinue of 5th teacher) are :-

Vigorous Cloud

Powerful Elephant

Delightful Youth

Eminent Sama-adhi








"times" = "changelessness"


"cleared" = "free of karmic ... obscurations"


"perfected" = ‘transcended meeting and parting"


"mind" = "primordially free"


"transmission" = "free from omission and [from] duplication"


p. 121 biography (as dictated by Padma-sambhava) of Vimala-mitra

The king Dharma-as`oka had a daughter Dharma-bodhi :

"Once, while sleeping in a flower garden, she dreamed that ...

white man came and anointed her ... the liquid passed down through the crown of her head ...

After twenty-one days, ... she gave birth to a baby boy. ...

He ... was given the name Vimalamitra".

(2:2) pp. 122-151 "Seven Segments to Establish the Great History (another excerpt from the Heart-Essence of Vimala-mitra").




The district Dhana-kos`a, in the country of Uddi-yana, "was surrounded by sandalwood forests and inhabited by the type of animal known as kos.an.a [‘rending’], whose bodies are human with bear-like faces and whose claws are ... iron spikes."


The women would tied their hair in two knots, one at the front and one at the back and embellish it with ... bone ornaments.


Su-dharma (daughter of this country’s king titled Upa-raja and of his queen Radiant Light), while asleep "in a grass hut on the island known as Covered with Golden Sand, ... dreamt that

a white man shaped out of precious crystal ... placed a crystal vase at the crown of her head ..."

When she awoke, her attendant the d.akini Serene Purn.a interpreted the dream to mean that she would give birth.


This boy-child, at the age of seven, astounded the erudite with his wisdom.


To him were given 4 names :-


Pra-he[la]-vajra [/pra-hela/ ‘playful’],

Resurrected Ash-Colored One,

Serene Resurrected One.


He taught, on mt. Malaya, the Great Perfection in 64 laks.a-s of sections,


at the requaest of

Blissful World Taste (the vajra-dhatu d.akini "with three faces, wearing tiger’s skin, her four arms holding a parasol of peacock feathers, and riding tigers and lions"); and of

Yellow Bliss-Giver of Boundless Qualities (a d.akini "riding a dragon, holding a garland of lightning-bolts ...").


"five miles northeast of the Vajra throne ... the great charnel ground Cool Grove ... has ... in its center ... the glorious Stupa of the Descent from Heaven made from copper with gilded wheels ...

To the northeast of this charnel ground was a wishfulfilling tree Bhis.ala ... There the mundane celestial being Mighty Bringer of Joy – riding on a black tiger, holding a trident in his hand and wearing a long cape of red silk -- ... lived together with a retinue of ten million."


There, were various d.akini-s, some each :-

"issuing rays of sunlight from their eyes; ...

emitting thunderclaps from their mouths wile riding on buffalos; ...

riding lions, raising human corpses in their hands; ...

eating entrails while riding on garud.a-s; ...

carrying corpses on spears and riding on jackals; ...

Similarly, others were

raising their own decapitated heads in their hands; ...

had torn their own hearts out and were holding it in their hands; ...

had cut open their bodies and were holding up their entrails to be eaten".


"the great Sosadvipa charnel ground situated one league to the west of the Vajra Throne ... in its center was a self-appeared stupa ... It had wheels and a coral parasol and was made from precious silver. ...

There were also peculiar mundane gods ... living to the southwest. ... Among the mundane gods were

Ananda Kumara whose face was that of a lion ... His body was decoarated with garlands made from skulls and draped with a cloth of black silk. With a retinue of one hundred thousand slayer mamo-s, he was riding an ox ...


There, were various d.akini-s, some each :-

"riding lions with their hair hanging loose, raising up victory banners of nine stacked skulls. ...

riding on flacks of birds, holding banners of lion skin. ...

had one body but eleven heads and were eating from entrails,


... black women brandishing their braided hair while emitting jackals from their mouths. ...

had human bodies but with wings and ... were hurling down rainstorms ... while raising banners of tiger skin in their hands. ...

tearing the upper part of their bodies from the lower, and tearing out their lungs and heart. ...

cutting off their own limbs and tossing them in all directions."


Meanwhile in the region in China known as Sos.a-dvipa (So-sa glin ‘salty island’) [or else as Kos`a-dvipa (p. 422, n. 40)], "the householder Virtuous One and his wife Wise Light had a son known as S`ri Simha who ... took birth in the city called Black S^o-Am Jom. ... he studied ... with the Chinese master Hastibhala under the Tree of Enlightenment in China".


Having journeyed, mounted on a black camel toward the city of Golden Sanctuary to the west of the Tree of Enlightenment, and proceeded thence eastwardly in China to "the Five-Peaked Mountain, Wu Tai-shan," S`ri Simha furthermore studied Secret Mantra for 7 years under the low-caste master Bhela-kirti, before (at the instance of Avalokita-is`vara) travelling for 9 nychthemera, "one cubit above and not touching the ground," to meet with Man~jus`ri-mitra at Sos.a-dvipa.


From an arm (of his transfigured guru Man~ju-s`ri-mitra) extended out of a cloud, S`ri Simha received in a 1-inch casket containing a text "written with one hundred and one [varieties of] gems on paper composed of five types of precious substance."


Having been taught the Brilliant Essence of Gold by Man~jus`ri-mitra re-incarnate, "On Mount Mass of Cane in the charnel ground known as Fragrant Grass, Aryadeva awakened to true and complete enlightenment while his material body vanished."


In accordance with instruction imparted to him (by the d.akini Manifest Adornment) in his dream, S`ri Simha concealed, within a copper box beneath the balcony in the Auspicious 10,000 Gates Temple at the Tree of Enlightenment in China, the Secret Mantra teachings brought (by Man~ju-s`ri-mitra) from beneath the Vajra Throne.


"the Cooling charnel ground in China ... was encircled by karavira trees, and within that there were groves of cane and reed. In the middle of this ... the d.akini-s were ... flying through the sky ... blowing horns ...

Amidst all this was a mansion of piled skulls, ... and at the base were naga maidens bathing. Here S`ri Simha ... sat ... on an elephant throne and upon a celestial vis.n.u stripped naked."


"in Elephant Forest in the western part of India, ... the householder Blissful Wheel and his wife Bright Spirit had a son by the name Vimalamitra. And, in the city by the name Kamalas`ila in the eastern part of India, the low caste S`anti Lag-pa and his wife Virtuous Mind had a son who became known as Jn~anasutra." [Jn~ana-sutra = naga-king Nanda’s incarnation Naga-raja Patrin (‘possessing a goblet’), who studied the Mind Section under king Hastin [‘elephant’] and princess Pra-rani (p. 422, n. 42)]


"They [Vimala-mitra & Jn~ana-sutra] had a karmic connection from a previous rebirth, since they had been born as sons of the brahmin Sattva {cf. Sattva Yoga}, and therefore became good friends."


In accordance with instructions imparted to him (by the d.akini Noble Kindness in the form of a "woman carrying a water pot on her back"), Jn~ana-sutra at the 10,000 Gates, from a balcony to the northeast, "saw a creature with the head of a lion, the neck of a peacock and the head of a scorpion." This was the d.akini Cari, who then introduced him to S`ri Simha.


This composite animal was the d.akini Cari, who then introduced him to his master S`ri Simha.


S`ri Simha "would occasionally engage in the courageous conduct of retaining [holding] the breath. Occasionally he would perform the special conduct of riding on a tiger of a buffalo."

S`ri Simha "was invited by Resplendent Giving, the king of Li, so he went there on a six-legged white lioness," and while gone toward Li was tranfigured "amidst a mass of light and all the sky resounded with endless harmonies in the most melodious ways. The whole earth was quaking, trembling and shaking, and was covered with boundless heaps of flowers of


gold, silver and other types." Then, when S`ri Simha’s testament the Seven Spikes fell (from the sky) into the palm of Jn~ana-sutra’s hand, a (disembodied) voice instructed of whither to wend.


"the Bhasing charnel ground in India ... lies far to the east of the Vajra throne.

To its north is a black mountain that resembles a sleeping elephant with water flowing from its mouth.

To its south is a mountain that resembles a yellow tiger standing upright, fragrant with the scent of gors`ikha sandalwood.

To its west is a cliff that looks like a lion leaping into the sky, which as the nest of a garud.a bird.

To the east is a li tree resembling the head of a brahma god ...

In the center of this charnel ground is the Stupa of Perfect Merit cast from precious copper and iron. It life-pillar is made from snake-essence sandalwood ... On the ledges are painted layered wheels of azurite gemstones. ...


On the last ledge are simha, the king of trees, extending into all directions. The interwoven branches of these trees are connected by garlands and pendants resembling turquoise cords. ... Above them countless divine maidens make circumambulations."


"Half a league direct south is a crystal mansion ... Here dwells the black-colored Time-Line Lord [Lady] of the Dead, tossing her mane, clenching her fangs. With a huge belly and heaven-turned eyes, she is surrounded by a thousand mundane mamos.

Above there dwells Dhari the Divine Maiden, the one who sets the world in motion. She is red, naked and riding a donkey. Her bloody braids cover the earth and smoke pours from her eyes. Flames spring from her mouth and ... she is surrounded by a retinue of eight hundred maras. ...

In the east is the dark brown Learned Splendid Wisdom with five faces who rides a garud.a and ... Her braided hair coiling upward is fully enclosed in garlands of skulls. ... She wears the attire of the charnel ground and is surrounded by a retinue of one thousand pacifying d.akinis.

To the south is the d.akini Protective mind of yellow color. With one face and two arms, she rides a ganapati. Her terrifying, naked form has wings of turquoise and sapphire. ... Mouth agape, she glares with bulging eyes, and is surrounded by a thousand enriching d.akinis.


... to the west is the Great Blaze who is red and naked, with captivating hair. ... She rides on an antelope and is surrounded by a retinue of one thousand d.akinis of the magnetizing family.

To the North is Ever-Excellent of green color, with free-flowing hair. Her right hand holds and owl and her left raises a falcon. She rides a wolf surrounded by one thousand d.akinis of the karma family."


"At this time, Vimalamitra was living in the Smaller charnel ground, ... riding a blue buffalo ... From the sky he heard the voice of the d.akini Splendid Wisdom" instructing him to "go to the great Bhasing charnel ground." There, Jn~ana-sutra "emitted rays of light from the curl of hair between his eyes, extending nine hundred and ninety-five fathoms."


"Jn~anasutra dissolved his material body ..., departing with no physical remains left behind, and the sky was filled with lights."


"Vimalamitra remained ... in the city of Bhirya to the west ... Later ... living in the great charnel ground known as Brilliant ...

Vimalamitra made three copies of the manuscripts of the supreme secrets :

one set he concealed on the island Covered with Golden Sand, in the land of Uddiyana,

one set within the craggy cave known as Suvarn.advipa in Kas`mir, and

one set he placed in that charnel ground to serve as an object of veneration for the d.akinis."


(2:4) pp. 156-160 "Shri Singha Confers the Eighteen Dzogchen Tantras".

p. 158 S`ri Simha bestowed upon Padma-sambhava :-


the text

for __


Heart Essence of the D.akini-s



sGra Thal->gyur Root-Tantra[, to which are appended the 17 Tantra-s of Innermost Luminosity:-]



Tantra beyond Letters



Tantra of Shining Relics



Tantra of Self-Existing Perfection



Tantra of Point-out Instructions



Blazing Lamp Tantra



Tantra of Self-Manifest Awareness



Tantra of the Mind-Mirror



Tantra of Piled Gems



Tantra of the Union of Sun and Moon



Tantra of Studded Jewels



Tantra of Self-Liberated Awareness



Pearl Garland Tantra



Tantra of the Heart-Mirror



Tantra of Graceful Auspiciousness



Tantra of the Perfected Lion



Tantra of the 6 Sphaeres



Tantra of the Sun of the Brilliant Expanse



(2:8) pp. 179-186 "The Jewel Garland Records".

p. 182 2 types of major emanations from the Densely-Arrayed realms of self-display in this Saha-world

supreme emanations of blessings

sublime emanations of wisdom

p. 182 the 3 types of supreme emanations of blessings


bodily form made from 101 pretious substances


great scripture Single Child of the Doctrine


vajra of dharmata that fitteth into the hand of the 1st human beings

pp. 184-186 the 12 sublime emanations of wisdom


in the place __

there appeared __


Abundant Delight

Youth of Inconceivable Sublime Light, teacher of the 17 Tantra-s of Innermost Luminosity


Saha world

Youth of Immutable Light


Mass of Light

Protector against Fear


Manifest Womb of Passionate Elements

Youth Playful Grace


Healing Garden of Youth on the southern side of mt. Su-meru



the charnel ground Delighting in the Great Secret

Powerful Warrior Youth


Raks.a Sound of RULU

Wrathful Sage King


Vulture Peak mountain

Sublime Golden Light


Turquoise-Browed Sog-po

Lovingly Playful Wisdom


Vulture Peak mountain [again!]

Kas`yapa the Elder


Vajra Throne

Truly Perfected King




p. 186 Vajra-pan.i taught to the vidya-dhara-s in the charnel ground Blazing Fire Mountain on the northern side of mt. Su-meru {/pan.i/ is ‘miser’, a name appropriate for a denizen on the northern side of mt. Su-meru, the site of the cities of Ku-vera, god of the rich}


(2:9) pp. 188-206 "Illuminating Sunlight to Reveal the Treasury of the Pretious Dharma History"

p. 189 mind-transmission through the Conquerors [Jina-s]






by revealing natural luminosity



natural liberation in actuality through inspired resplendence



through his own identity



method of great bliss



by proclaiming throughout the realms of gods

pp. 190-191 the 4 dreams by [the Guhya-kaya] A-nanda-Garbha nicknamed "Noble Spirit" (he was eldest of the 501 sons of the deva Bhadra-pala) on the plateau of the 33 deva-s




1st – "rays of light from all the buddhas radiated into the ten directions after which the light rays and the six Munis encircled ... and finally dissolved into the crown of his head."


2nd – "he swallowed Brahma, Vis.n.u and Pas`upati in one gulp."


3rd – "the son and moon rose in the sky, and he took them both in his hands and illuminated all worlds with their light."


4th – "nectar showered down from the cloud-covered sky ... so that sprouts, flowers and jewel-like fruits simultaneously ripened."

pp. 192-195 realms of Vajra-sattva





symbol of the mind




"emanated Vajrapan.i from his own heart centre who raised

a wheel of self-radiating jewels"



Perfectly Subjugating Vajra

Vajra Secret [Vajra-guhya]


193 & 195


Jewel Light


ornament of dag-s`aka



Waterlily Mound

Waterlily Light




Perfect Accomplishment

Perfected Brilliance


p. 197 empowerments conferred and instructions imparted (in the hall holding the life-pillar nade of a 9-pronged vajra, on the top floor of the Palace of Victory on the plateau of the 33 deva-s) by Vajra-pan.i to Noble Spirit



Perfect Royal Vase

10 Miraculous Statements

3-fold Spontaneous Praesence

Encountering the 3 Kaya-s

Great Sphaere

Unchanging Mind Essence

Changeless Steadiness

Insight during Daily Activities

Immediacy of Awareness

Identifying Original Wakefulness

Non-dual Mingling

Great Seal [maha-mudra]

Vajra Statement

Regent Nomination

Pra-he[la]-vajra & disciple Man~ju-s`ri-mitra




The princess-nun Paran.i [‘breakfast; perusal’] "While facing east ... saw a golden swan, who in fact was Vajrapan.i ... The swan, came flying through the sky accompanied by 4 other swans. ... the bird the Lord of Secrets had miraculously created, touched his beak three times to the princess ... The swan took flight". {cf. impraegnation of the goddess Nemesis by a divine swan (GM 62.a).}


"A nine-pronged vajra set with a assortment of the finest gemstones now emerged from the princess’s heart ... and became a boy-child ... Prahe[la]vajra", who is thus (pp. 202 & 190) a nirman.a-kaya.


"Vajrapan.i summoned the three bearers [S`aka-putrin, Naga-putrin, and Guhya-putrin – 3 sons of Upa-raja (p. 423, n. 64)] from Dams`o: [dam-s`od (p. 429)] Haven charnel ground to the southwest, and ... he entrusted them with all the tantras in completeness – the Twenty Thousand Sections of the Ninefold Space".


"an emanation of noble Man~jus`ri ... was born to the brahmin Glorious Sustainer of Bliss as the father and to the brahmini Kuhana [‘hypocrisy’, a mouse-goddess] as the mother. ... He was named Siddhi-garbha [‘success-embryo’] the Brahmin, as well as Samvaragarbha [‘magic-embryo’]." {‘embryo’-names are allusions to the tatha-garbha, with reminiscences of the [Vaidik] Hiran.ya-garbha (‘gold-embryo’), of rasa-ayan.a and even of Daoist al-chemy}


"Siddhigarbha, the senior prince of Rajahasti and some other, seven in all {cf. the "transmigrations of the 7 brahmin-s" in the Puran.a-s}, ... arrived at the Vajra Haven Cave where they met ... Prahevajra".

GM = Robert Graves : The Greek Myths. 1955.

p. 206 the 3 cycles of teachings derived from Man~ju-s`ri-mitra [‘kinsman of Man~ju-s`ri’, ordination-name of Siddhi-guhya (p. 204)]

__ Cycle

for __






revealing self-liberation


Erik Pema Kunsang (transl.) : Wellsprings of the Great Perfection. Rangjung Yeshe Publ., Hong Kong, 2006. pp. 112-206 = "Part II. From Early Treasure Masters"

http://www.rangjung.com/wellsprings/illustrations.htm illustrations from this book