Timbres of Music (Vocal & Instrumental) sustaining the several Moods/Sentiments for worship-services, achieving trances, enhancing dreaming



expository exemplification

chanting voice


low-toned (usually male) for contemplating animal-deities

singing voice


high-toned (usually female) for icaro-hymning to plant-spirits

shrill-toned wind-instrument


shalm (shawm) for general appeal to dreamless/dream immaterial worlds

clear-toned wind-instrument


stone flute (in Japan), accordion (in Madagascar) for spirit-possession

plucked string-instrument


mandolin (in Italy and in Spain)

bow-played string-instrument


rebek (in Iran etc.)

tympanic percussion

in absence of spices from diet

or in ritual to worship deities governing the spice-sentiments

other percussion (xylophone, gongs, etc.)

in absence of visual art

or in ritual to worship deities governing the artistic sentiments

Tympanic (drum) percussion is characteristic of African and of Siberian ritual worship, for inducing advent of particular possession deities; or (as, in the Shaking-Lodge of the Cree) of a series of particular deities. The drum is usual in cultures lacking spices; whereas adequate comesting of spices is able uphold the sentiment-mood level above any need for drumming to feel the mood-excitation necessary to invite the divinities from their worlds to come for their being entertained by performance by mortals. But drumming (so-called "metal" music) could as well be used in ritual performance especially in honor of spice-plant divinities, to indicate the parallelism of result of spice-ingestion with result of spiceless drumming.

Icaro-hymning (for the ayawaska-c^akruna combination) would be social way of telepathizing with spirits of entheogenic plant-species divinities, parallel with private inducing of hypnosis in individual plant-spirits.

[written Mar 2015]